onfirmation is in many ChristianChurches a rite of initiation normally by laying on of hands and/or anointing for the purpose of bestowing the Gifts of the Holy Spirit. In some denominations, confirmation bestows full membership in the church upon the recipient. In others, such as the Roman Catholic Church, confirmation “renders the bond with the Church more perfect”, but a baptized person is already a full member.
Several secular, mainly Humanist, organizations direct “civil confirmations" for older children, as a statement of their life stance that is an alternative to traditional religious ceremonies for children of that age.
Some secular regimes have as a matter of policy fostered the replacement of Christian rituals such as confirmation with non-religious ones. In the historically Protestant German Democratic Republic (East Germany), for example, “the Jugendweihe (youth dedication) gradually supplanted the Christian practice of Confirmation.” A concept that first appeared in 1852, the Jugendweihe is described as “a solemn initiation marking the transition from youth to adulthood that was developed in opposition to Protestant and Catholic Churches’ Confirmation.”
Another celebration known as “Confirmation” is used in Reform and Conservative Jewish synagogues as a rite of passage for young Jewish men and women around the age of 13.